The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide, released its annual 2010 Global Hunger Index. The report notes; whereas some strides have been made to curb global hunger, “the index for hunger in the world remains at a level characterized as “serious.””
With over “one billion hungry people” around the world, the report offers an interesting look at the “Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which include a goal of reducing the proportion of hungry people by half” by the 2015 deadline (i.e. in five more years). “Low government effectiveness, conflict, political instability, and high rates of HIV and AIDS” are cited as “among the major factors” perpetuating the problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas Burundi, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Eritrea exhibit an extremely alarming level of hunger, another 21 countries, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have an alarming hunger level.
The report credits Ethiopia, along with Angola, Ghana, Mozambique, Nicaragua and Vietnam, for making the largest improvements between 1990 and 2010. IFPRI has a regional office based in Ethiopia. Ranked 80th out of 84 countries included in the report, Ethiopia’s Global Hunger Index (GHI) dropped from 43.7 to 29.8 in two decade’s time (it is an open question whether that is supposed to be a noteworthy progress for TPLF’s ironfisted rule in the last 20 years).
According to the report, 51% of children in Ethiopia are stunted (a measure of child undernourishment that is characterized by low height for one’s age). Ethiopia is also noted as a recipient of USAID’s, Feed the Future, a U.S. government’s global hunger and food security initiative that aims to spend “$3.5 billion” on developing country’s investment plans to reduce poverty, improve nutrition and agriculture.
The 2010 GHI report earns yet another ignoble distinction for Ethiopia in addition to already being named;
In the “bottom five based on access to basic education, teacher-student ratio, and educational provisions for girls” along with lawless Somalia, a disaster raven Haiti and the rogue state of Eritrea;
And the worst place where press freedom has immensely deteriorated, if any existed.
Ethiopia is now the 5th hungriest place on Earth worse than Sierra Leone, Haiti and many other war-ravaged nations even in the sub-Saharan Africa. Zimbabwe and Sudan are tied at 58th, fared much better than Ethiopia with 20.9 GHI score.
The full Report in PDF: Click to launch the full edition in a new window.