Remembering Ethiopia’s Hidden Genocide: Aannolee

The history of Ethiopian state is full of many tragic events that continue to haunt its contemporary politics. The wounds inflicted by Abyssinian intruders onto the southern nations in the 19th century are everyday reminders of the gruesome and cruel acts of genocide. For example, Minilik II’s indiscriminate mutilation of the hands of Oromo men and the breasts of Oromo women evoke stinging memories now as it did then.

The following undated videos, posted on Haarramo’s YouTube Channel, feature remarks by Oromo revolutionaries Colonel Alamu Qixxessa and Obbo Nadhii Gammadaa on the occasion of 106th Anniversary of the Aannolee genocide. As the wise Oromo saying goes : in order to throw a spear forward, one must stretch hands to the back.

The late Colonel Alamu Qixxessa calls on all Oromos to unite. The crowd chats : Unity, Unity.


Nadhii Gammadaa cautions freedom is won never given. Others can only intervene/help when/if their interest is at stake. The Oromo must be ready and claim its rightful place. The Oromo freedom can only be won by the struggle of Oromo people.

An unanmed speaker, speaking in Amharic, recounts 400 years of Wollo Oromo struggle against Abyssinian occupation.

A speaker explains the purpose of the 106th year commemoration of Aannolee genocide. The main purpose he explains is to remind the Oromo about this horrific incident in their long history and educate the younger generation about those events.

A much younger Gabi Edao entertains the crowd on the occasion of 106th Anniversary of the genocide of Aannolee.

Between 1850 and 1870, the French historian Martial de Salviac estimated that the
Oromo population was about 10 million In 1900 he reported that only half survived the
Abyssinian war of occupationi6 Similarly, Gelmo Abbas, an Oromo historian, reported
indiscriminate killing of Oromos in the Arsi region by Abyssinian King Minilik II – Journal of Oromo Studies, July 2004.



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