Oromo refugees attacked in Egypt as the Nile crisis deepens

Written by Mohammed A

By Mohammed Ademo

(OPride) – An Oromo interpreter for UNHCR in Cairo was beaten, denied police services, and subsequently charged extra for medical care on Thursday in retaliation for Ethiopia’s diversion of the Nile River to build a $4.7 billion hydroelectric dam, according to locals.

“Our friend was beaten seriously by a group of Egyptian youth and he was nearly killed,” wrote Abdulkadir Noor Gumi, a Cairo-based community activist, in a frantic appeal letter sent to “He was beaten by chain, metal, and stick…he had a head injury and other injuries on his body.”

When Ethiopia began diverting the flow of the Nile on May 28 for its so-called Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam – the largest in Africa with a 6000 megawatts capacity, the Egyptian blogosphere and media exploded as many called for swift action. Immediately following the announcement, an angry mob gathered in front of the Ethiopian embassy in Cairo to denounce the move, according to media reports.

Egypt is demanding Ethiopia halt the dam construction saying it “adversely impacts Egypt’s ability to generate electricity and provide water for irrigation.” Ethiopia says the diversion won’t reduce the flow of the Nile and is insisting on a dialogue to find a more equitable sharing arrangement.

Ethiopia is contesting a colonial-era agreement signed in 1929 between Egypt and Great Britain. The agreement was later revised in November 1959 giving Egypt 55.5 billion cubic meters and Sudan 18.5 billion cubic meters. During the revision, the other eight upstream countries, including Ethiopia, were not consulted.

On Monday, after a tripartite commission made up of experts from Sudan, Egypt, and Ethiopia – tasked to study the potential impact of Ethiopia’s dam on downstream states – released its final report, Egyptian politicians in a meeting with President Morsi, were inadvertently heard discussing plans to sabotage the project, attack the dam or arm Ethiopian rebels, unaware that their meeting was being broadcast on live TV.

Thursday’s attack in Cairo on an unnamed Oromo national, the second incident in the last week, underscores the grave threat facing Ethiopian refugees living in Egypt. Many of these refugees left Ethiopia fleeing repression and fear persecution if they return home. Several hundred UNHCR-recognized Oromo and other refugees of Ethiopian origin reside in Egypt, according to community estimates. Activists report the situation remains tense and have urged all persons of Ethiopian and Oromo origin to stay in their houses until the situation stabilizes, if ever.

Following Thursday’s incident, Egyptian police refused to take down the report of what transpired saying that the attack was deserved.

“The policeman who was writing the report aimed [a gun] at me…saying that we deserved to be killed,” said Gumi in an email recounting his traumatic experience.

Their troubles did not end there.

“After that we were referred to a hospital to do some check up for our injured friend,” Gumi continued. “In the hospital, we found the same issue, we are asked our nationality for record, we were told that ‘you are going to divert our Nile and you have to pay more for hospital.’”

Even after paying double the amount of normal fees for seeing a doctor, according to Gumi’s report, other patients in waiting room told them, “you deserve[d] it,” after learning their nationality.

The Oromo Community in Cairo is holding a peaceful demonstration in front of UNHCR and is asking all concerned individuals to reach out to Egyptian authorities on their behalf.

Here’s a first-hand account of the incident as reported on Twitter:



About the author

Mohammed A

Mohammed Ademo is a freelance journalist based in Washington, DC. He's the founder and editor of, an independent news website about Ethiopia.

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